Chapter 4: “Rugged Individualism” vs. “Bold, Persistent Experimentation”

  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/filter.handlers.inc on line 526.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/filter.handlers.inc on line 526.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_many_to_one::init() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/filter.handlers.inc on line 1488.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/argument.handlers.inc on line 632.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_display::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/plugins.inc on line 1775.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_display::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/plugins.inc on line 1775.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/plugins.inc on line 2946.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/plugins.inc on line 3518.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/plugins.inc on line 3518.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_comment::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/comment.views.inc on line 480.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_username_comment::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/comment.views.inc on line 529.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_node_new_comments::pre_render() should be compatible with views_handler_field::pre_render($values) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/comment.views.inc on line 825.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/node.views.inc on line 1136.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_search::exposed_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::exposed_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/search.views.inc on line 233.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_file::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/system.views.inc on line 227.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/taxonomy.views.inc on line 960.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_upload_description::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/upload.views.inc on line 264.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_user::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user.views.inc on line 405.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_user_name::value_submit() should be compatible with views_handler_filter_in_operator::value_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user.views.inc on line 742.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_user_name::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user.views.inc on line 742.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::init() should be compatible with views_handler_argument::init(&$view, &$options) in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/date/date_api.views.inc on line 385.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/date/date_api.views.inc on line 385.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_plugin_display_attachment::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/date/date_api.views.inc on line 417.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_filter_handler::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/date/date_api.views.inc on line 813.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_content::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/content.views.inc on line 258.
  • : Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/includes/view.inc on line 991.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 701.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 701.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/bowlerha/public_html/cohen/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 701.

Speeches

Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Acceptance Speech at the 1932 Democratic Convention

Franklin Roosevelt – The Commonwealth Club Speech

Herbert Hoover – “Rugged Individualism” Speech at New York’s Madison Square Garden

Few elections have done more to change the destiny of the United States than the 1932 race for the White House between President Herbert Hoover and his Democratic challenger Franklin Delano Roosevelt. At the height of the nation’s greatest economic calamity the American people were offered a clear and unambiguous choice between the “rugged individualism” of Herbert Hoover and the “bold, persistent experimentation” of Franklin Roosevelt’s “New Deal for the American people.” Not surprisingly they chose the sunny optimism of Roosevelt vs. the dour pessimism of Hoover. The result was an election victory that would transform the way Americans not only viewed the government, but their expectations of it. The modern welfare state was born out of the crucible of the 1932 race for the White House as Americans began a century-long dalliance with government activism. The debate captured in these speeches remains crucial to understanding the central divide between Democrats and Republicans over the appropriate role of responsibilities of the federal government.

Chapter:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19